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/*
* Copyright (C) 2016 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
#include <bootloader_message/bootloader_message.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <android-base/file.h>
#include <android-base/properties.h>
#include <android-base/stringprintf.h>
#include <android-base/unique_fd.h>
#include <fs_mgr.h>
// Spaces used by misc partition are as below:
// 0 - 2K For bootloader_message
// 2K - 16K Used by Vendor's bootloader (the 2K - 4K range may be optionally used
// as bootloader_message_ab struct)
// 16K - 64K Used by uncrypt and recovery to store wipe_package for A/B devices
// Note that these offsets are admitted by bootloader,recovery and uncrypt, so they
// are not configurable without changing all of them.
static const size_t BOOTLOADER_MESSAGE_OFFSET_IN_MISC = BOARD_RECOVERY_BLDRMSG_OFFSET;
static const size_t WIPE_PACKAGE_OFFSET_IN_MISC = 16 * 1024 + BOOTLOADER_MESSAGE_OFFSET_IN_MISC;
static std::string get_misc_blk_device(std::string* err) {
std::unique_ptr<fstab, decltype(&fs_mgr_free_fstab)> fstab(fs_mgr_read_fstab_default(),
fs_mgr_free_fstab);
if (!fstab) {
*err = "failed to read default fstab";
return "";
}
fstab_rec* record = fs_mgr_get_entry_for_mount_point(fstab.get(), "/misc");
if (record == nullptr) {
*err = "failed to find /misc partition";
return "";
}
return record->blk_device;
}
// In recovery mode, recovery can get started and try to access the misc
// device before the kernel has actually created it.
static bool wait_for_device(const std::string& blk_device, std::string* err) {
int tries = 0;
int ret;
err->clear();
do {
++tries;
struct stat buf;
ret = stat(blk_device.c_str(), &buf);
if (ret == -1) {
*err += android::base::StringPrintf("failed to stat %s try %d: %s\n",
blk_device.c_str(), tries, strerror(errno));
sleep(1);
}
} while (ret && tries < 10);
if (ret) {
*err += android::base::StringPrintf("failed to stat %s\n", blk_device.c_str());
}
return ret == 0;
}
static bool read_misc_partition(void* p, size_t size, const std::string& misc_blk_device,
size_t offset, std::string* err) {
if (!wait_for_device(misc_blk_device, err)) {
return false;
}
android::base::unique_fd fd(open(misc_blk_device.c_str(), O_RDONLY));
if (fd == -1) {
*err = android::base::StringPrintf("failed to open %s: %s", misc_blk_device.c_str(),
strerror(errno));
return false;
}
if (lseek(fd, static_cast<off_t>(offset), SEEK_SET) != static_cast<off_t>(offset)) {
*err = android::base::StringPrintf("failed to lseek %s: %s", misc_blk_device.c_str(),
strerror(errno));
return false;
}
if (!android::base::ReadFully(fd, p, size)) {
*err = android::base::StringPrintf("failed to read %s: %s", misc_blk_device.c_str(),
strerror(errno));
return false;
}
return true;
}
static bool write_misc_partition(const void* p, size_t size, const std::string& misc_blk_device,
size_t offset, std::string* err) {
android::base::unique_fd fd(open(misc_blk_device.c_str(), O_WRONLY));
if (fd == -1) {
*err = android::base::StringPrintf("failed to open %s: %s", misc_blk_device.c_str(),
strerror(errno));
return false;
}
if (lseek(fd, static_cast<off_t>(offset), SEEK_SET) != static_cast<off_t>(offset)) {
*err = android::base::StringPrintf("failed to lseek %s: %s", misc_blk_device.c_str(),
strerror(errno));
return false;
}
if (!android::base::WriteFully(fd, p, size)) {
*err = android::base::StringPrintf("failed to write %s: %s", misc_blk_device.c_str(),
strerror(errno));
return false;
}
if (fsync(fd) == -1) {
*err = android::base::StringPrintf("failed to fsync %s: %s", misc_blk_device.c_str(),
strerror(errno));
return false;
}
return true;
}
std::string get_bootloader_message_blk_device(std::string* err) {
std::string misc_blk_device = get_misc_blk_device(err);
if (misc_blk_device.empty()) return "";
if (!wait_for_device(misc_blk_device, err)) return "";
return misc_blk_device;
}
bool read_bootloader_message_from(bootloader_message* boot, const std::string& misc_blk_device,
std::string* err) {
return read_misc_partition(boot, sizeof(*boot), misc_blk_device,
BOOTLOADER_MESSAGE_OFFSET_IN_MISC, err);
}
bool read_bootloader_message(bootloader_message* boot, std::string* err) {
std::string misc_blk_device = get_misc_blk_device(err);
if (misc_blk_device.empty()) {
return false;
}
return read_bootloader_message_from(boot, misc_blk_device, err);
}
bool write_bootloader_message_to(const bootloader_message& boot, const std::string& misc_blk_device,
std::string* err) {
return write_misc_partition(&boot, sizeof(boot), misc_blk_device,
BOOTLOADER_MESSAGE_OFFSET_IN_MISC, err);
}
bool write_bootloader_message(const bootloader_message& boot, std::string* err) {
std::string misc_blk_device = get_misc_blk_device(err);
if (misc_blk_device.empty()) {
return false;
}
return write_bootloader_message_to(boot, misc_blk_device, err);
}
bool clear_bootloader_message(std::string* err) {
bootloader_message boot = {};
return write_bootloader_message(boot, err);
}
bool write_bootloader_message(const std::vector<std::string>& options, std::string* err) {
bootloader_message boot = {};
update_bootloader_message_in_struct(&boot, options);
return write_bootloader_message(boot, err);
}
bool update_bootloader_message(const std::vector<std::string>& options, std::string* err) {
bootloader_message boot;
if (!read_bootloader_message(&boot, err)) {
return false;
}
update_bootloader_message_in_struct(&boot, options);
return write_bootloader_message(boot, err);
}
bool update_bootloader_message_in_struct(bootloader_message* boot,
const std::vector<std::string>& options) {
if (!boot) return false;
// Replace the command & recovery fields.
memset(boot->command, 0, sizeof(boot->command));
memset(boot->recovery, 0, sizeof(boot->recovery));
strlcpy(boot->command, "boot-recovery", sizeof(boot->command));
strlcpy(boot->recovery, "recovery\n", sizeof(boot->recovery));
for (const auto& s : options) {
strlcat(boot->recovery, s.c_str(), sizeof(boot->recovery));
if (s.back() != '\n') {
strlcat(boot->recovery, "\n", sizeof(boot->recovery));
}
}
return true;
}
bool write_reboot_bootloader(std::string* err) {
bootloader_message boot;
if (!read_bootloader_message(&boot, err)) {
return false;
}
if (boot.command[0] != '\0') {
*err = "Bootloader command pending.";
return false;
}
strlcpy(boot.command, "bootonce-bootloader", sizeof(boot.command));
return write_bootloader_message(boot, err);
}
bool read_wipe_package(std::string* package_data, size_t size, std::string* err) {
std::string misc_blk_device = get_misc_blk_device(err);
if (misc_blk_device.empty()) {
return false;
}
package_data->resize(size);
return read_misc_partition(&(*package_data)[0], size, misc_blk_device,
WIPE_PACKAGE_OFFSET_IN_MISC, err);
}
bool write_wipe_package(const std::string& package_data, std::string* err) {
std::string misc_blk_device = get_misc_blk_device(err);
if (misc_blk_device.empty()) {
return false;
}
return write_misc_partition(package_data.data(), package_data.size(), misc_blk_device,
WIPE_PACKAGE_OFFSET_IN_MISC, err);
}
extern "C" bool write_reboot_bootloader(void) {
std::string err;
return write_reboot_bootloader(&err);
}
extern "C" bool write_bootloader_message(const char* options) {
std::string err;
return write_bootloader_message({options}, &err);
}